CURRENT MAL & LDP RATES
|CATEGORY||2023 LOAN RATE||EFFECTIVE|
CLEAN PRICES in $ per Pound
|<18.6 Micron||3.87||4.88||Not Available|
|18.6 - 19.5||3.56||4.12||Not Available|
|19.6 - 20.5||3.44||3.73||Not Available|
|20.6 - 22.0||3.40||3.46||Not Available|
|22.1 - 23.5||3.06||3.21||Not Available|
|23.6 - 25.9||2.96||2.12||$.85 LDP Available|
|26.0 - 28.9||.98||.91||$.07 LDP Available|
|> 29 Micron||.40||.66||Not Available|
|GREASE PRICES in $ per Pound|
|Ungraded Wool||40 cents||0 cents||$.40 LDP Available|
|Unshorn PELT||6.865 lbs x Ungraded Wool LDP||$2.746 LDP Available|
For questions about these programs, to apply, and for more information, contact your local USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA) office.
Wool Marketing Assistance Loans (MAL’s) and Loan Deficiency Payments (LDP’s) are funded by the Farm Bill. These programs are intended to:
- minimize potential loan forfeitures;
- subsequent government accumulation of stocks;
- minimize the cost incurred by the Federal Government in storing the commodity; and
- allow a commodity produced in the United States to be marketed freely and competitively both domestically and internationally.
Loan and payment options:
- Marketing Assistance Loan (MAL) – Graded Wool
- Marketing Assistance Loan (MAL) – Ungraded Wool
- Loan Deficiency Payment (LDP) – Graded Wool
- Loan Deficiency Payment (LDP) – Ungraded Wool
- Loan Deficiency Payment (LDP) – Pelts
Growers can choose the option(s) most financially beneficial for their operation.
To be eligible a producer must:
- have beneficial interest in the wool
- meet the definition of an eligible producer
- sheep must be grown and shorn in the U.S.
- have ownership of the sheep at least 30 days before shearing
- wool must be shorn and in storable condition
- Other eligibility and documentation requirements may apply
- Start the documentation process with your local Farm Service Agency office BEFORE shearing.
- MALs and LDPs are available until January 31 after the wool is shorn.
Difference in Programs
|Wool is used as collateral for a loan||Difference between loan rate and weekly effective repayment rate|
|Loan available for up to 9 months (currently extended to 12 months until Sept. 30, 2020, CARES Act – Co-Vid)||Only available when repayment rate is below loan rate (i.e.- low wool prices)|
|Costs – Low FSA interest rate + filing fee||Think of an LDP as an “on the spot” price payment for low wool prices|
|Repay loan anytime (currently 12 months) at either loan rate or repayment rate – whichever is lower!||Need to file with FSA before you sell wool|
|Operating capital ($$$ vs LDP)||Pick the day you want to take LDP|
|Cannot sell the wool until loan is repaid||Sell wool later when prices improve|
Marketing Assistance Loans (MAL’s)
MAL’s provide interim financing by providing money for continued operation while allowing the wool to be marketed at a later time. Producers may apply for a loan, using the wool as collateral, at the yearly loan rate (set annually by USDA) on graded and/or ungraded wool. After wool is shorn, the 9-month loan may be taken with a small initial filing fee and will include interest. (The term is currently extended to 12 months for loans requested before September 30, 2020.) The wool CANNOT be sold while under loan.
A grower can repay the loan at any time during the 9 months by: (1) repaying the loan at either the loan rate or the announced repayment rate (whichever is lower) and reclaim the wool, (2) requesting a settlement.
MAL’s not repaid by the loan maturity date, will be secured by FSA, sold, and producer paid a settlement amount which is the difference between loan value and price of wool sold. Contact your local FSA for more.
Loan Deficiency Payments (LDP’s)
Producers can choose to forgo a Marketing Assistance Loan and receive an “on-the-spot” payment on their wool when global prices are lower than expected. An LDP is only available when the yearly Loan Rate is above the Effective Repayment Rate (announced weekly, dependent on international wool market prices and currency exchange rates).
LDP’s on Pelts
Producers can also collect an LDP on unshorn slaughter lamb pelts. To be eligible, a producer must meet the definition of an eligible producer, own the lambs for at least 30 days before slaughter, sell the unshorn lamb for immediate slaughter or slaughter the unshorn lamb for personal use, have beneficial interest in the pelts, sheep must be of U.S. origin, the pelt must be unshorn, and submit production evidence.
Graded vs. Ungraded Programs
|Loan rate is established yearly based on 8 micron categories||Loan Rate is set at 40 cents per pound|
|Participation requires core test information on your wool||Does NOT require core test|
|Graded Wool LDPs are reported in Clean Prices – and calculations are made based upon core test data||USDA announces weekly Effective Repayment Rate for Ungraded Wool|
|Ungraded LDP is the difference between Loan Rate (40 cents) and Effective Repayment Rate|
Both Graded and Ungraded programs require a weigh of the wool.
Graded rates/prices are reported on a clean basis (accounting for wool yield). Ungraded wool is reported on a grease basis.
The Graded program requires producers to also provide a core test report/certificate from a CCC-approved testing facility; currently only New Zealand Wool Testing Authority (NZWTA) is approved.
Growers can participate in a Graded or Ungraded programs or a combination of both, whatever is most beneficial to them. For example, a grower could choose to use the Graded LDP program for their fleece wool and Ungraded LDP program for off-sorts (tags, crutchings, bellies, pieces).
Wool Pools and Cooperatives
Ungraded and Graded LDP’s are available to wool pools; loans are not permitted as delivery to a pooling location is considered the day that growers lose beneficial interest of the wool.
Steps to Take:
- Contact your local USDA/FSA Office – preferably before wool/pelts are harvested.
- Fill out forms and discuss plans and documentation needed.
- Documentation on your wool:
- Production Evidence- click here
- Micron and yield core test report/certificate (only needed for Graded wool programs)
- Other (may include storage documentation, delivery documentation, etc.)
- Complete forms and documentation with your local FSA Office.